Wednesday, May 20, 2015

How English Began

One of Old English Literature

How English Began?

The Continuation of "Where English Comes From",

English comes from a common ancestral language believed to have existed a very long time ago. It has been called Indo-European . About 4500 years ago, the people who spoke varying form of this language split into groups that drifted into Europe and part of Asia. Different speech communities developed within these widespread groups eventually giving rise to several languages including Latin, from which any of the languages spoken in Europe today developed. One group of Indo-European languages is known as Germanic, and this is the primary parent language of English and German.

Warrior-adventures, who spoke Germanic, invaded what how Great Britain about A.D 450. The invaders called Angels, Saxons and Jutes. All spoke Similar dialects. The people the conquered known as, Britons, spoke Celtic, The Celtic language included Latin words because conquering Roman troops occupied Britain from A.D 43 until the 400's, the troops had to return home to defend Rome against invading armies. The Germanic tribes conquered Britain after the Romans left.

As the invading tribes took over and settled in Britain, the Celtic languages gradually retreated. Since the Celtic people were forced to communicate with their rulers, the history f the English language begins with the take-over of Britain by the Germanic tribes. As a result, Celtic made only a small contribution to the English vocabulary with words such as crag and bin. However, many place names were adopted from the Celtic. Among them are Avon, Kent, London, Ouse, and Thames. Small groups of people living in Ireland, Wales, and the Scottish Highlands still speak varieties of Celtic such as Scottish Gaelic, Welsh, Breton, and recently revived Irish.

Source: Encyclopedia


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